Energy and water are two essential resources for human race existence. These resources have become increasingly scarce due to increase in population, climate change, and urbanization. Energy-water nexus implies the bidirectional relationship between energy and water resources since they are intrinsically interconnected and availability and generation of one resource significantly depends on the availability of the other resource. Energy generation requires large quantities of water while at the same time large amount of energy is required for distribution, use, and treatment of water.

Severe climate conditions limit water availability and constrain the operation of power plants and other energy production activities. Hurricane Sandy demonstrated the compounding ramifications of vital water infrastructure losing power. The recent boom in domestic unconventional oil and gas development has added complexity to the national dialogue on the relationship between energy and water resources.

Creating a resilient, environmentally sustainable, and economically accessible water-energy system is possible if the global community can martial an effective collective response. Modeling the interactions of water and energy systems is important to the enforcement of infrastructure security and system sustainability. Let’s look at the three strategic pillars below:

Strategic Pillars of Energy-Water Nexus

  • Optimize the freshwater efficiency of energy production, electricity generation, and end use systems.
  • Optimize the energy efficiency of water management, treatment, distribution, and end use systems.
  • Enhance the reliability and resilience of energy and water systems.

The first of its kind event, WE3 summit is at the heart of Energy-Water nexus. It focuses less on problems facing our ecosystem and more on solutions. Educating, engaging, and empowering the provision of financial resources and a new technology framework is the ethos of the event. It emphasizes on the need for a forward-looking approach to provide the world’s rapidly growing population clean and safe water. Every year, 520 billion kilowatt hours (kWh), or 13% of US electricity use, are required to move, treat, and heat water. Making energy production more decarbonized, digital, and decentralized is essential to ensure the planet can meet goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. WE3 focuses on various energy efficiency and outreach programs that aim to generate energy savings for both utilities and customers. The WE3 platform brings together group of stakeholders to discuss the importance of sustainable communities, infrastructure, and water systems. Digital solutions will provide regulators and utilities tools for implementing water efficiency measures that improve conservation and accessibility and that will significantly reduce operational costs.

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